migrated from the upper Yenisey to the T▓ianshan Mountains and become one of the most populous Turkic-speaking tribal groups.
in some localities.The forefathers of the Kirgiz lived on the upper reaches of the Yenisey River. In the mid-sixth century A.D., the Kirgiz tribe was under the rule of the Turkic Khanate. After the Tang Dynasty (618-907) defeated the Eastern Turkic Khanate, the Ki
After the 15th century, though there were still tribal distinctions, the Jilijis tribes in the Tianshan Mountains had be▓come a unified entity.In the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Kirgiz, who had remained in the upper Yenis▓ey River reaches,
emigrated to the Tianshan Mountains to live together with their kinfolk. Many then moved to the Hindukush and Karakorum Mountains. At this time, some Kirgiz left their homeland and emigrated to Northeast China. In 1758 and 1759, the Sayak and Sarbagex tribes of Eastern Blut and ▓the Edegena tribe of Western Blut, and 13 other tribes -- a total of 200,000 -- entered the Is▓syk Kul pastoral area and asked to be subj▓ected to the Qing.The Kirgiz played a major role with their▓ courage, bravery and patriotism in the defen▓se of modern China against foreign aggression.Th▓e Kirgiz and Kazaks assisted the Qing government ▓in its efforts to crush the rebellion by the nobility of Dzungaria and the Senior and Junior Khawaja.They resisted assaults by the rebellious Yuk
ub Beg in 1864, and when the Qing▓ troops came to southern Xinjiang to fight Yukub Beg's army, they gave them ass▓istance.However, under the pretext of "border security,▓" the Kuomintang regime in 1944 ordered the closing of many pasturelands, depriving the Kirgi▓z herdsmen of their livelihood. As a result, the Puli Revolution broke out in what is now Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County and part of the ▓Akto area, and formed a revolutionary government. This revolution, toget
her with uprisings in Ili, Tacheng▓ and Altay, shook the Kuomintang rule in Xinjiang. More than 7,000 people took part in the Puli ▓Revolution, the majority being Kirgiz, Tajiks and Uygurs.Population: 172,900Major areas of distribution: Xi▓njiang, Jilin and LiaoningLanguage: XibeReligion: Polytheism, Shamanism and Buddhism▓The Xibe ethnic minority, with a popul▓ation of 127,900, is widely distributed over northern China from the Ili area in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the west to the northeast provinces of Jilin and Liaoning.CustomThe Xibe people in n